DEBATE OF NOVEMBER 6, 1890.
Brief for the affirmative: L. K. Morse and J. M. Morton, Jr.
Best general references: Forum, May 1890, p. 243 et seq; Schurz in Boston Post, Oct. 21, 1890; Republican platform of 1888, in Stanwood's Presidential Elections.
I. There is no evidence that the Republican party has recently possessed the confidence of the people: Forum, IX, 243; Belford's Magazine, Oct. 1889.
II. The foreign policy has been faulty in a. The fisheries question: Forum IX, 243; Republican platform, 1888; Fortnightly Review, Vol. 53, pp. 741; Belford's Magazine, April. 1889. b. The un-American Samoan Pollcy; Nation, Jan. 31, 1889; Feb. 7, 1889; Century, XV, 945, et seq. c. The seal fisheries in Behring Sea; Nation, March 28, 1889; Forum Nov. 1889; New England Magazine, Jan, 1890; pp. 554 et seq. Wm. Everett, Boston Post, Sept. 27, 1890. d. The impracticable reciprocity scheme; Forum IX, 250; Nation pp. 6, Jan. 2, 1890.
III. Its conduct of the House of Representatives has not been such as to win the confidence of the people; x. M. C., No. Am. Review, Vol. 151, pp. 90.
IV. It has especially shown itself unworthy of the confidence of the country by its failure to carry out its pledges. a. As to Negro education for which Congress has substituted the Federal Election Bill; Schurz address, Forum IX, 253 et seq; Pike, Prostrate State pp. 63 et seq. b. As to the Silver Bill, an unstable compromise; D. A. Wells in Nation, July 3, 1890; No. Am. Review, Vol. 151, p. 344 et seq; Political Science Quarterly, IV, 615, et seq, Dec. 1889. c. As to the tariff reform; Republican Platform; N. E. Tariff Reform League in Boston Herald, Oct. 27, 1890; Schurz address, Boston Post, Oct. 21, 1890. 1. Tariff legislation has been almost entirely for the benefit of a few rich corporations; Butterworth's speech, Boston Herald, May 13, 1890; Wanamaker's advertisement in public papers during October. 2. Heaviest duties on the cheaper qualities of goods discriminate against the poor; Wells in Boston Post, July 8, 1890; Curtis' address before Senate Committee, Boston Post, June 6, 1890; Andrews' speech, Boston Herald, May 10, 1890; Cummings' speech, Cong, Record, May 10, 1890. d. As to Civil Service Reform; Republican platform; Report of National Reform League, Boston Post, April 12, 1890. 1. Assistant P. M. Gen. Clarkson's course; Boston Post, March 12 and April 12, 1890. 2. Federal manipulation in Va. elections. 3. Levying assessments on government employees; Pres. of the Union of State Rep. Associations in Boston Herald May 12, 1890; Boston Post, Sept. 16, 1890; Letter of Rep. State Exec. Com., Boston Post, Oct. 26, 1890; 4. Dismissals from office for political reasons. e. As to honest politics. 1. Wasteful and partisan appropriations, especially in pension legislation; D. A. Wells in Boston Herald July 8, 1890; Nation, Vol. 40, p. 438. 2. Grossest corruption in its leaders at the National and State elections; Schurz's speech, Boston Post, Oct. 21, 1890; Nation, pp. 386, May 13, 1890.
BRIEF FOR THE NEGATIVE.J. H. Hitckcock and S. Parsons.
Best general references: Cong. Record 51st Cong, passim; N. Y. Weekly Tribune, Oct 8, 1870; Essex Co. Mercury, Oct. 29, '90; address of F. T. Greenhalge at Rep. State Conv., Sept. 17, '90.
I. Under thirty years of Republican ascendancy the country has prospered as never before.
II. The republican platform of 1888. made the following pledges: Tribune Almanac, 1889; a. To revise the tariff on protective principles. b. To legislate in the interest of pure elections. c. To facilitate the admission of new States. d. To enact a more generous pension law.
III. The Republican party has fulfilled its pledges: a. By revising the tariff on a protection basis; "The New Tariff Law," McKinley's speech in Cong. May 7, 1890; Dingley's speech in Cong. May 10; Aldrich's speech in Boston Journal Oct. 25. b. By inaugurating a Federal Election bill which aims to purify the ballot; Public Opinion passim; Lodge in N. A. Rev., Sept. '90; Lodge's speech in Cong. June 26, 1890. c. By admitting Idaho and Wyoming and sending a committee of investigation to N. M. and Ariz.; Cullom in Forum, Nov. '90; Boston Journal, Oct. 17. d. by passing new pension laws; Cong. Reoord, p. 7173, etc.
IV. The administration of the Executive Department has been praise worthy. a. A good business Cabinet has been chosen; Tribune Almanac for 1889; Public opinion passim. b. No bad appointments have been made; Weekly Tribune, Oct. 8, 1890. c. By the appointment of Mr. Roosevelt Civil Service Reform has been greatly stimulated; P. O. passim. d. A. vigorous foreign policy has been pursued; Public Opinion passim.
V. The opposite party has neither a record nor a policy calculated to secure the confidence of the people.