Brief for the Affirmative:
S. ADAMS and R. W. HALE.
Resolved, "That the sugar provisions of the McKinley Bill are contrary to good public policy."
Best general references: Lindquist; Sugar and the Tariff (pphlet). The provisions of the McKinley Bill, sec. 235. Breckenridge in Cong. Rec., 1890 XXI, 5012.
I. It reduces the revenue $55,000,000; McKinley in Cong. Record 1890, XXI 5015. - a) This revenue is needed to carry on the government: - Boston Post passim, Pub. Opinion X, 197. - (b) Formerly the sugar duty was as light a burden upon the people as any other tariff tax: - Breckenridge as above. - (c) Other onerous taxes should have been abolished before this one: - Boatner in Cong. Rec. 1890, XXI, 4515.
II. Abolition of the tariff breaks national faith with Hawaian Islands: Treaties and conventions U. S.
III. The bounty provision is opposed to good public policy. - (a) It is contrary to the spirit of the constitution: - T. H. Benton quoted in Cong. Rec., XXI, appnd. X, 391. Speech of S. M. Robertson in ditto. (b) It is a drain without limit on the national treasury. eg. beet sugar, sec. 235 of Bill. Even McKinley estimates $7000.000 expenditure the first year. (c) It is the protective spirit in its worst form.
IV. The bounty on maple sugar is unnecessary and sectional.
Brief for the Negative:
ROY JONES and R. McM. GILLESPIE.
Best general references: Cong. Rec. 1889-90; U. S. Depart. of Agriculture, Division of Chemistry, Bulletin, No. 's 27, 29, 30; Report of Mr. J. Wilson on "Sugar-Beet Culture;" McKinley in Cong. Rec. 1888-89. p. 5015; Amer. Econ'ist, VI; Hamilton, III.
I. The sugar industry is highly desirable - (a) Will not be sectional: Cong. Rec. 1889-90. p. 892. - (b) Will be a new industry. - (c) Beets are a good crop for soil; Defender, Apr. 21st, '90. p. 9. - (d) It creates new and large demand for labor, both agricultural and mechanical: Amer. Ec., Sept. 12, '90, p. 167.
II. The bounty system creates a sugar industry. - (a) Establishment is unusually expensive and difficult: U. S. Dep. of Agr. Bulletin, 29, p. 50. - A bounty tides over the critical time of beginning: Sherman and Allison, Cong. Rec. 1889-90. - Beet-sugar industries have be n built up by a bounty system abroad: Lalor's Ency. III, p. 818.
III. A bounty is the only practical means of establishing a sugar industry. - (a) It can not be successfully started without some fostering. - (1) Offers no inducement to capital: vide II (a); (2) Profitable beet-raising in this country is still in its experimental stage: Defender, Apr. 21st, '90. - (b) It cannot be successfully started with a protective tariff; (1) A bounty paid by foreign governments to producers on their sugar-exports, tends to counteract the benefit of our tariff: S. V. White, Cong. R., 1889-90, p. 5015; (2) In the past, import duties have failed to create a flourishing sugar industry in U. S.
IV. The bounty system brings great advantages, and no corresponding disadvantages. - (a) The advantages are permanent, while the disadvantages are only temporary. - (b) The bounty keeps at home money before sent abroad in payment for sugar; Sen. Morrill, Amer. Eon'ist., Oct. 31, '90, p. 220. - (c) The bounty paid by treasury finds compensation in ten times that amount of new capital invested: Letter of Claus Spreckels, Jan. 1st, '88 in Daily Examiner, San Francisco: H. W. Wiley, "Experiments with Sugar-Beets," U. S. Dep. of Ag. Bulletin, No. 30.