Question: Resolved, That the World's Fair should be opened on Sunday.
Brief for the Affirmative.
S. M. BALLOU and W. N. COTTRELL.Best general references: Bishop Potter in Forum XIV 2. (Oct. 1892), pp. 194-200; J. W. Chadwick in Forum. (Dec. 1892) pp. 541 550; Rev. M. J. Savage, Unity Pulpit. Oct. 28, 1892; Bishop Spalding in Arena, VII. 1. (Dec. 1892); Speeches of Senator Palmer in Cong. Rec., XXIII pp. 5997, 6044, July 11, 12. 1892; Von Hoist, Constitutional Law. S 74; Story, Commentaries S 1070-79; Cooley, Constitutional Limitations, p. 585.
I. The Sunday closing movement has no basis in the Christian religion. - (a) None in the fourth commandment: Unity Pulpit, Oct. 28, 1892. - (b) None in the Jewish Sabbath: Unity Pulpit, Oct. 28, 1892. - (c) None in the teachings of Christ: Luke VI. 1; XIV, 5; Forum, Oct 1892. p. 196. - (d) None in the early Christian Sabbath: Colossians II. 16; Forum; Oct. 1892, p 197: Arena, Dec. 1892, p. 46. - (e) None in the true American Sunday, which demands open parks, art museums, and libraries; Nation, IV. 142. p. 425 (Dec. 8, 1892). - (f) Rests entirely upon Puritanical observance, which was - (1) Mistaken: Unity Pulpit, Oct. 28, 189. - (2) Unwarranted and indefensible: Forum, Oct. 1892, p. 196. - (g) The Churches should favor all elevating influences on Sunday: Arena, Dec. 1892, p. 45.
II. The best interests of morality demand that the Fair should be opened. - (a) Opening of the kind proposed would make the Fair grounds a great park. - (b) A suitable place for Sunday recreation is necessary: Arena VII. 1. (Dec. 1892) p. 40. - (c) The open Exposition would keep large numbers away from the saloons: Unity Pulpit. Oct. 28, 1892. p. 6. - (d) The laboring class can attend the Exposition only on Sundays: Palmer in Cong Rec. XXIII. (July 12, 1892), 6044; Independent, Jan. 22, 1891.
III. Sunday opening is in accordance with the principles of our law and Constitution. - (a) The action of Congress does not represent the personal convictions and practice of congressmen: Nation, July 21, 1892; Forum, Oct. 1892, p. 196; Dec. 1892, 541. - (b) Violates the spirit of the Constitution: Forum, Dec. 1892, pp. 549-550; Const. Amendment I; Story, commentaries S 1070-1079; Cooley Const. Limit. 585; Von Holst Const. Law S 74, p. 226.
Brief for the Negative.
E. L HOUSE and W. J. H. STRONG.Best general references: W. F. Crafts, The Sabbath for Man; Our Day, July Oct., 1891; Sept., 1892 (IX. 687-697); Independent. Dec. 17, 1892; Methodist Review, LI. 212 (Mar., 1891); Ninteenth Century, XV, 686 (Apr., 1884); W. F. Crafts, Civil Sabbath; Advance, 1891, pp. 45, 153, 241, 491, 712, 789, 991; 1892, Mar. 16, June 9, Sept. 26, Nov. 17; Special Pamphlets.
I. Sunday opening would be un awful. - (a) Against the law of nature: Crafts, Sabbath for Man, 4, 353. Civil Sabbath, 66 - (b) Against the law of God: Method 1st Review, LI. 212. - (c) Against the law of the State of Illinois: III. Criminal Code, ch. 38, S 259; Civil Sabbath, 73.
II. Sunday opening would be against the best interests of the American people. - (a) Demoralizing: Our Day, VIII. 259. - (b) Against the sentiment of a large majority: Our Day, IX, 695; Christian Advocate, Dec., 1891. - (c) Saloon keepers unanimously favor it: Our Day, IX, 697, 698. - (d) Unjust to the workingman. - (1) Takes away their rest day: Our Day, IX, 696. - (2) Against their own desire: Ibid; Crafts, Civil Sabbath, 29, 42; Sabbath for Man, 654, 656; Pamphlet No. 1. - (3) Dangerous to their future rest day: Pamphlet No. 3, p. 2 - (4) Discommodes vastly more workingmen than it accommodates: Our Day, IX, 695, 696.
III. Sunday closing wise and practicable. - (a) According to precedent: Independent. Dec. 17. 1891; Our Day, IX, 695. - (b) Maintains Sabbath laws which are essential to liberty: Pamphlet No. 2. - (c) Favorably affects foreigners: Pamphets Nos. 4, 5, 6; Our Day, IX, 696; Sabbath for Mac, 651 - (d) No economic objection. - (1) Receipts of Fair not decreased: Our Day, IX, 690, 692, 695. - (2) Peace and order better preserved: Our Day, IX, 697, 698; Sabbath for Man, 649
IV. Partial opening of Fair equally undesirable. - (a) Same reasons apply as against complete opening. - (b) Intended for finance not for the workingmen: Advance, Nov. 17, 1892. - (c) The quiet Sabbath scheme Utopian and impracticable: Our Day, IX, 698 - (d) Religious services more conveniently held in the city free of charge: Our Day, IX, 698 - (e) Entering wedge to complete Sunday opening: Our Day, IX, 697.