Debate of Nov. 14, 1895.
Brief for the Affirmative.T. H. RUSSELL and J. P. WARREN.
Best general references: Harvard Graduates' Magazine, III, 30 (Sept., 1894); III, 318 (March, 1895); III, 519 (June, 1895); IV, 119 (Sept., 1895); Walter Camp in Outing, XXVII, 170 (Nov., 1895); A. B. Hart, Studies in American Eduction, No. VI; Caspar Whitney in Harper's Weekly, XXXIX, 2023 (Sept. 28, 1895), 2026 (Oct. 19, 1895); Harvard Crimson, XVI (1889), and XXVIII (1895); Harvard Index, XXI, 159.
I. Permanent arrangements are desirable on grounds of sentiment.- (a) Yale and Harvard are natural rivals.- (1) By situation.- (2) By interests.- (3) By custom: Harvard Index, XXI, 159,- (b) Yale and Harvard are to many minds the Oxford and Cambridge of America.
II. There should be conformity to the wishes of undergraduates and graduates of both Colleges.- (a) The rank and file of both universities wish to get together: Outing, Nov. 1895, p. 23; Harvard News, Sept. 26, 1895; Harvard CRIMSON, Nov. 21, 1889.- (b) Graduates wish the various annual contests to be perpetuated; Outing, Nov. 1895, p. 23; Harvard CRIMSON, Nov. 21, 1889.- (c) Dual league was nearly adopted in 1889: Harvard CRIMSON. Nov. 21, 22, 23; Dec. 5, 1889.
III. Permanent arrangements are practicable.- (a) Harvard's triple football alliance with Yale and Princeton.- (b) The triple alliance of Amherst, Williams and Dartmouth.- (c) A dual league is easier than a triple one.
IV. Permanent arrangements would prevent the great amount of diplomacy that is so injurious to intercollegiate athletics.- (a) With the present system "enough diplomacy is used to secure an extradition treaty with Great Britain:" A. B. Hart, Studies in American Education, p. 136.- (b) This diplomacy creates a scheming and uncandid spirit.- (c) Wastes the time of Athletic Committee.- (d) Arouses profitless interest among the students.- (e) Causes continual newspaper noteriety.
V. Permanent arrangements would lead to uniform playing rules.- (a) The existance of conflicting systems of rules is deplorable: Caspar Whitney in Harper's Weekly, Sept. 28, p. 932; Walter Camp in Outing, Nov., 1895, p. 170.- (b) Permanent rules for Harvard-Yale games would set a standard that would be generally adopted.- (c) Could be made a powerful means of reforming athletics.
VI. Permanent arrangements would tend to make Harvard's athletic policy stable.- (a) Would help settle temporary difficulties.- (b) Would thus prevent frivolous suspension of contests. (c) Present suspension of football might have been avoided had there been a standing agreement when the trouble arose.
VII. Pemanent arrangements would prevent suspension of other contests in case of disagreement over one.- (a) Had not the five-year rowing agreement with Yale expired this year there would probably have been a boat race in 1896: Harvard Graduates' Magazine, Sept., 1895, p. 113.- (b) Had there been some standing agreement, baseball and track athletics would probably have continued.
Brief for the Negative.M. G. SEELIG and W. F. WILBOUR.
Best general references: President Walker in Harvard Graduates' Magazine II, 1-12 (Sept. 1893); Harv. Grad. Mag. III 519 (June, 1895); Nation. LVII, 406 (Nov. 30, 1893); Outing, XXVII, 81-88 (Oct. 1895).
I. Permanent athletic relations are not for the best interests of the student body.- (a) Athletics consume too much time: Prof. Taussig, Grad. Mag. III. P. 300; Pres. Eliot's Report for 1894, pp. 16-18.- (x) Summer training.- (b) Predominance of athletics injurious beyond college.- (1) Exeter troubles: CRIMSON, Dec. 18, 1894.- (c) Lead to bad blood.- (1) Unfairness must be met with unfairness, or grim forbearance, until alliance ends.- (d) Not for the best interests of Harvard's prestige and good-fellowship with other colleges.- (1) Such relations make her dependent upon an alliance.- (2) The University's stand has always been independent.
II. Annually renewed agreements are for the best interests of the student body.- (a) They tend toward manly action on the field.- (1) Colleges would be independent of alliances.- (2) Unmanly action would end games.- (x) Cf. Harvard-Princeton in 1890: Advocate, XLIX. 49, XLVII. 51.- (y) Cf also present rupture between Yale and Harvard.
III. Permanent athletic arrangements with Yale are not for the good of the University.- (a) They cause Harvard and Yale to be regarded as the Cambridge and Oxford of America.- (1) Not in accord with Harvard's policy.- (b) By avoiding permanent relations this false notion would be removed-(1) Athletics would become more normal.- (c) Harvard comes to consider Yale as her peculiar rival and "bosom enemy."- (1) Less interest in recent Princeton game than in last Yale game, though as great a defeat.- (d) Such arrangements tend unfairly to raise the literary estimate of Yale,- (1) Yale gains in literary prestige by defeating Harvard.
IV. Annually renewed athletic relations between Harvard and Yale would be of benefit to athletics.- (a) The independence gained by either college would tend to make intercollegiate athletics of greater use and pleasure.- (1) The broadened relations between Harvard and Yale would work toward good feeling and fraternity.- (d) Advantages of this annual arrangement shown by the present season.- (1) One of the most interesting seasons, as a whole, since 1889.- (2) Three great games.- (3) Cheerful games with minor teams, and diminution of secret practice and summer work.