Two professors urged last night that the United States continue negotiations toward a nuclear test-ban treaty with the Soviet Union.
H. Stuart Hughes, professor of History, said most of the world's nations regard "the presence or absence of tests" as "the single most important indication of whether there is good will for disarmament." He said that the Geneva talks were too far advanced to be abandoned, and that the U.S. should conclude an agreement without worrying about France.
Speaking "as an amateur" on "an issue I feel strongly about," Hughes differed sharply with two Senators who have said that a test-ban treaty would probably not win Senate ratification. Hughes predicted that both Sens. Leverett R. Saltonstall '14 (R-Mass.) and Frank Church (D-Idaho) would vote for a treaty if they felt popular opinion favored it.
Pressure Can Change Votes
"In international affairs," Hughes said, "two-thirds of the votes in the Senate can be changed back and forth by public pressure." President Kennedy would "put himself in the catalogue of mediocre Presidents" if he let Senate opposition affect his test-ban policy, he added.
Roger Fisher, a Law School professor who shared the platform with Hughes, observed that the issue "has had more effort spent on it than it deserves for its own importance." But he said that the risk of signing a pact was less than that of trying to gain military advantage from small nuclear tests.
Fisher emphasized that scientists disagreed only about the feasibility of identifying secret tests of bombs of two to six kilotons, while yields went as high as 100 megatons.
A Partisan Blow to PeaceIn 1918, during World War I, Woodrow Wilson unveiled a proposal to increase international security. His famous "14 points of
Letters to the editorSenate Was Correct Not to Rubber Stamp Nuclear Test Ban Treaty To the editors: It may be reasonable to compare
Fireman, Save My ChildAs prospects for a nuclear test ban agreement at Geneva become progressively brighter (and sporadically dimmer), it seems apparent that
Carter Calls for Senate Ratification Of SALT TreatyWASHINGTON--With both party leaders in the Senate still refusing to endorse the new Strategic Arms Limitation Treaty (SALT) pact, President
Schultz, Soviet Agree on VerificationGENEVA--The United States and Soviet Union settled their differences yesterday on a treaty to scrap medium-range missiles and sent the
Reagan: Senate May Impede Arms TalksSPRINGFIELD, Mass.--President Reagan said yesterday he was "very concerned" that the Senate may not ratify the pending U.S.-Soviet arms control