Despite a drop in total crimes on campus and a substantial decrease in burglaries in 2004, violent crime—which consists of sex offenses, robberies, and aggravated assault—has risen from a total of 24 crimes in 2003 to 33 in 2004.
Violent crime has been steadily decreasing nationwide since 1994, according to statistics from the U.S. Department of Justice.
Harvard’s increase in violent crime is mainly due to the spike in sex offenses reported to the police, which has risen over the last two years, from 13 to 19 confidential reports filed and an increase in the number of formal reports filed from three to 10.
“A 38 percent increase does concern us, but if you factor in the increase in the sex offenses reported, which is an under-reported crime, we’re not as concerned about that much of an increase,” said Steven G. Catalano, HUPD’s spokesman. “What it tells us is that 13 additional victims got help last year. We will take a 38 percent increase in our violent crime rate, if it means 13 additional victims received the help they required.”
Jennifer B. Robinson, assistant professor in Northeastern University’s College of Criminal Justice, said the low absolute figures for sex offenses indicate that the increase may not constitute a trend.
“I’m not trying to downplay the nature of these crimes by any means—any increase is one that is justifiably concerning,” Robinson said. “If you’re talking about an increase from 3 to 10, percentage-wise it’s huge, but numerically, it’s not. That just might be a blip on the radar screen. So its sounds like there could be an increase because it’s difficult to tell.”
FROM CAMPUS TO CAMPUS
The statistics reveal that robberies and burglaries have abated on campus. Though burglaries had previously been on the rise, total burglaries fell to 372 last year from 451 in 2003. And campus robberies, after remaining steady at two in 2002 and in 2003, dipped to zero last year.
Public robberies—those committed off-campus but near Harvard property—also declined, from 23 in 2002 and in 2003, to 17 last year.
But even with the dip, reported burglaries at Harvard remain significantly higher than those reported in surrounding colleges. While Harvard’s numbers have hovered around 400 burglaries per year, Boston University reported 80 burglaries in 2003 and 57 in 2002.
Yale University students, who often voice safety concerns regarding crime on their New Haven, Conn. campus, reported only 65 burglaries in 2001, 42 in 2002, and 63 in 2003.
Catalano said this disparity is an issue of classification. Although the Clery Act requires police departments to report their crime statistics annually to the federal government, it does not enforce a uniform system for classifying the crimes.
Catalano said that HUPD includes the number of larcenies the campus sees each year under the burglary category, while other universities may not report their larcenies at all. A burglary implies forced entry—breaking and entering—into private property in order to commit a crime, while larcenies include situations where items are stolen from an unlocked room. The Clery Act does not require schools to report the number of larcenies, rather, there is only a burglary category.
“I believe our specific burglary rate is higher than other college campuses in the area because we feel we’re doing a strict interpretation of the burglary definition,” Catalano said. “We have pretty high standards...We have nothing to hide.”
Robinson, the Northeastern professor, said she is not surprised that Harvard’s burglary numbers significantly surpass other campuses’ numbers.