HKS and GSD Turn 50
In September 1986, Harvard University President Derek C. Bok and Dean of the Graduate School of Design Gerald M. McCue cut into a massive cake sculpted to resemble the building that stood behind them—the Design School’s iconic Gund Hall.
Across campus at the Kennedy School of Government, Dean Graham T. Allison ’62 led another celebration, featuring visits from Senator Edward M. Kennedy ’54-’56, Secretary of Defense Caspar W. Weinberger ’68, and Saudi Arabian oil minister Ahmed Zaki Yamani.
In a year that brought a 350th anniversary for Harvard, two of its younger graduate schools had their own reasons for festivities. They were each commemorating their 50th birthdays. Their jubilee year became an occasion not only to invite celebrities and call caterers but also to reflect and look forward, as both schools faced the future questioning their roles within the University. The 50th anniversary marked the beginning of these graduate schools’ shift from a professional orientation to a more academic approach.
PASSING THE TORCH
For the Kennedy School, the anniversary celebration was focused on an examination of the ideals upon which it had been founded. Fifty years after Lucius N. Littauer, Class of 1878, had marked Harvard’s 300th anniversary with a founding donation of $2 million and 20 years after the graduate program had been renamed in memory of slain President John F. Kennedy ’40, HKS had finally come into its own.
Francis M. Bator, Lucius N. Littauer professor of political economy emeritus, recalled the uncertainty following the school’s 1966 renaming. “Would we ever grow into a major independent graduate school? For perhaps a decade or so there was bound to be a question about that,” said Bator. But by the 1980s, Bator said, the Kennedy School “had made a place for itself on the map”.
Allison, who was dean of the Kennedy School during its anniversary year, said that the 50th anniversary celebration coincided with a more widespread recognition of the School’s legitimacy. “By 1987 we had a campus, a strategy,” Allison said. “It was clear that the Kennedy School existed and was going to become one of the features of Harvard.”
The Graduate School of Design’s influence had been growing as well, demonstrated by the 2,000 guests who joined the approximately 450 graduate students of the time for events commemorating the school’s history.
Among the most distinguished guests was Prince Charles of Wales, who had requested to visit the Design School during his trip to Harvard for the University’s 350th anniversary festivities. An anonymous donor established a prize for international urban design in honor of the Prince, a professed design enthusiast, though some faculty at the Design School criticized the royal visitor’s distaste for modern architecture.
The Design School hosted symposia on the history and future of the school and showcased exhibits of archives and student work from the past and present.
These exhibitions illustrated the growth of Harvard’s commitment to design. From a small faculty based in Robinson and Hunt Halls, the full-fledged school had expanded its programs in Gund Hall, its own building.
“The quality of the student work was an important cause to celebrate and a telling sign of our growth,” said McCue.
MORE PROFESSOR THAN PROFESSIONAL
For some at both schools, the 1987 anniversary marked the early days of a new outlook that valued academic research, not just professional development.