(Continued from first page.)
check each other, (Bryce, 461).- (1) A hasty and unconsidered action, should be prevented, (Ibid, 108).- (2) Too great domination over congress by the people should be prevented.- (a) The capriciousness of the public will is one of the greates dangers to the Republic.- (B) The disadvantages of electing both bodies on the same basis are seen in state legislatures.- (1) There is no conservative check in state legislation.- (a) Too much trivial legislation, (Bryce, I, 520).- (2) Both houses of the state legislatures are excessively afraid of the people, (Bryce, 455).
II. Senators should represent the states in such manner as their own constitutions distribute power, (Forum, Nov., '94, 277).- (1) The different districts should have equal voice.- (2) The expression of the popular will is thus made more deliberate.- (3) The corporate representation of states is especially needed now.- (1) The national government tends to overbalance the state governments.
III. Senators should be elected by the state legislatures.- (A) Indirect election of Senators secures much better men.- (1) Mere popular demagogues cannot secure election by state legislatures.- cf. character of senators and governors.- (B) Corruption, urged as an objction to the present system, would be merely increased by popular election of senators.- (1) Bribing in direct election is as easy as in indirect elctions: (bryce II, 137 seq.).- (2) It is more demoralizing.- (3) The Senators would be elected by the corrupt element of the states.- (a) The cities, where most corruption exists, would have greater influence (Bryce 516-17).- (C) The district system enables the honest portion of the state to overbalance the dishonest.
IV. A desirable continuity is given to the Senate by legislative election.- (A) The present method tends to reelection-two-thirds of all elections to the Senate being re-elections (Bryce, 192).- (B) It affords the legislative department of our government greater experience with important affairs, especially our foreign policy.- (C).- election would be less frequesnt by popular election.- (1) The people believe in the rotationof office (Bryce, 128-9); as illustrated in the case of our governors and congressmen 9Bryce, 112).