President E. Benjamin Andrews of Brown University, delivered an address last evening before the Graduate Club. His subject was, "Home Rule in Greece in the Fourth Century B. C."
President Andrews opposed the generally accepted theory of Demosthenes that Athens was the centre of Greek democracy and that when Philip of Macedon defeated the Athenians he destroyed Greek liberty. Demosthenes was not so great a statesman as Phocion, who foresaw that Greece needed for her preservation the unification which could only be obtained through the domination of some one state or man. Owing to jealousy among the Greek states the only salvation for Greece was the rule of Philip, and after his death, of Alexander.
If Alexander had lived twenty or thirty years longer, said President Andrews, history probably would have been radically different in three respects. Greece would have been firmly united into one Hellenic nation, the danger of Persian domination would have been changed to the assured lordship of Greece over Asia, and Rome would not have conquered Greece, but Greece ruled Rome.
Had the grand plans of Alexander been consummated and Greece become the dominant power in the East and West, results so glorious might have followed as to dazzle the imagination. Greek civilization, sturdier that that of Rome, by escaping the collapse under the barbarian hordes, would have saved the world the Dark Ages. But with the death of Alexander came chaos.