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Attacks "Swiss-Cheese" Neutrality and Advocates Cooperation to Prevent Future War


Almost unanimous condemnation of the Neutrality Act came from the undergraduates, faculty, and guests attending the Guardian Foreign Policy Conference in Winthrop House, as it drew to a close Saturday.

Only one person, a student, expressed satisfaction with the present legislation. In the preliminary session on Thursday, five had supported it, but that number had been depleted by the complete opposition of the guests and faculty.

Earlier in the afternoon, Payson S. Wild, assistant professor of Government, described the Act as "Swiss-cheese neutrality" in a broadcast to the nation over the Columbia Broadcasting System. Remarking that the American people cannot be put in "hermetically-sealed cans" he declared that it is "self-interest to prepare in advance to prevent the storm."

Opposes Lundeen

His view was in direct opposition to that expressed by Ernest Lundeen Senator from Minnesota, who asserted that "we are isolated completely and forever. Some of our leaders need to grow up, come home, and be Americanized," he added.

Nathaniel Peffer, professor, at Columbia University, denied that there was a "middle ground between neutrality and war," and proposed a "do-nothing policy as the one chance for peace." Turning to the Far-Eastern conflict he said that only military force could stop Japan.

Undergraduate opinion was represented on the broadcast by William W. Hancock '38, president of the Debating Council. He declared that America must give up the "notion of any proper place in cooperative action," and restrict its activity to the "American atmosphere."

Final Report

The final report read by Richard T. Davis '38 revealed that undergraduate opinion had undergone "no fundamental change" as a result of the Conference mitment, while four would not.

Those who voted were: Clyde Eagleton, professor at New York University, John K. Fairbank '29, instructor in History, Sidney B. Fay '96, professor of History, William Potter Lage '30, attorney, Frank W. Taussig '79, Henry Lee Professor of Economics, George Sylvester Viereck, author and editor, and Peffer

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