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Carlson Asks Aid for China By Embargo on Jap Munitions

Former U. S. Intelligence Officer Tells of 18 Months With Guerilla Bands


Making a general appeal to the people of the United States to stop selling war materials to Japan, Major Evans F. Carlson, intelligence officer of the U. S. Marine Corps and military observer for eighteen months among Chinese guerilla bands, told a capacity audience at the Union yesterday that peace in China could be accomplished by an embargo on war materials to Japan.

Pointing out that the United States is helping Finland materially against a ruthless aggressor, Major Carlson saw no reason why this country could not help china by refusing to help Japan.

"One must merely look at the estimated 4,000,000 Chinese casualties or the movement of 87 universities and 25,000 students to escape Japanese destruction," he said, "to see how much more serious this war is than the Finnish."

Closely connected with guerilla bands in Shansi and other provinces of northern China, Major Carlson said that China is like a checkerboard with the Japanese holding the lines and the Chinese the squares. Meaning that the invaders control the railways and the defenders hold the space between, he recalled that in one place, a small defending force surrounded on four sides has not surrendered to the enemy in almost a year of fighting.

The most significant aspects of the war, which he learned from intimate association with the army, are the apparent over-confidence of the Japanese leaders and the sense of duty and what is right on the part of every defender.

"I divide this war, which is now in its third year, into three phases," added Major Carlson. "The first or defensive part ended with the fall of Hankow, the second or guerilla phase is now in progress, while troops are now being trained for the final counter-offensive which is yet to come."

Regarding the chances of China of winning the war, Carlson claimed that the answer lay in the question whether or not the United States refuses to continue giving aid to Japan.

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