After World War 11, the University decided to strengthen its smaller, less well-known graduate schools, While the Divinity and Public Health Schools' expansion plans are still in the talking stage, major changes have already occurred at the Graduate School of Education.
New appointments have doubled the wise of the faculty, while the number of students has remained about the same. An Education Fellows program for revitalizing teachers with past experience has been created. The Center for Field study has started a large program of community service and a Laboratory of Human Development has recently opened.
Equally important, according to Dean Keppel, is the calibre of the additions to the faculty. A considerable amount of money has come to the school in the last few years for the special projects of new and old faculty members, Keepel, notes.
Although the school's methods have modernized, its goals and type of student body remain the same. The school is aiming to be a "small school of quality" which will leave the training of large numbers of teachers to places such as Teachers College of Columbia University.
About 25% of the Education School's 275 enrollment are composed of men just out of college who plan to enter high school teaching but want an advanced degree before they begin. Another 25$ are persons with some form of school experience who wish to teach education.
The final 40% are also men with educational experience. Following their training at the University they will either enter or return to the field of school administration.
The report in 1946 that suggested improvements in the School of Education saw four general types of activity for that part of the University research, constrictive field-work, teaching, and direct services.
In the years since then the faculty has risen to 44 in number, while the number of projects at the school has also increased greatly. Greater emphasis has been put on systems of analysis and on the findings of fields such as Anthropology, Sociology, and Philosophy.
New work this year, in connection with the Center for Field Study, will bring instructors to the Education School in the fields of Business Administration, Public Administration, Public Health, and Social Relations.
In 1949 the first Educational Fellows came to the University for a year of study without any restriction. The program, still on a three-year experimental basis, is designed to enable mature educators to develop new fields of interest.
At present the school is in deep water financially; it has an annual budget of about $400,000, twice as much as it receives from endowment and tuition.
The difference is made up now by contributions from the groups like Carnegie Corporation, which gave the school $300,000, and the W. K. Kellogg Foundation, which donated almost $150,000.
With only $2,500,000 in endowment and a low return in tuition, Dean Keppel and the other members of the school's faculty face the problem of getting a large amount in gifts annually or else cutting down their ambitions program.