Harvard Law School Makes Online Zero-L Course Free for All U.S. Law Schools Due to Coronavirus


For Kennedy School Fellows, Epstein-Linked Donors Present a Moral Dilemma


Tenants Grapple with High Rents and Local Turnover at Asana-Owned Properties


In April, Theft Surged as Cambridge Residents Stayed at Home


The History of Harvard's Commencement, Explained



The following books and papers present facts and arguments relevant to, though frequently disagreeing with, the sections of this article.

The Scientific Classes

John L. Holland, "Undergraduate origins of American scientists." Science, 126, 433-37, 6 September 1957.

R.H. Knapp and H.B. Goodrich, Origins of American Scientists. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1952.

Anne Roe, The Making of a Scientist. New York: Dodd, Mead, 1953 (now in paperback).

George Sarton, The Study of the History of Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1936 (now in paper back).

Stephen S. Visher, "Environmental backgrounds of leading American scientists." American Sociological Review, 13, 65-72, 1948.

Different Worlds

Percy W. Bridgman, The Logic of Modern Physics. New York: Macmillan, 1927 (now in paperback).

William James, Pragmatism. New York: Longmans, Green, 1907 (now in paperback).

Charles S. Peirce, Philosophical Writings of Peirce. New York: Dover, 1955 (paperback).

Michael Polanyi, "Problem solving." British Journal for the Philosophy of Science, 8, 89, 1957: and "Passion and controversy in science." Bulletin of the atomic Scientists, 13, 114-119, April 1957.

The Language Barrier

A.J. Ayer, Language, Truth and Logic. New York: Dover, 1952 (paperback).

Ernst Cassirer, Language and Myth. New York: Harpers, 1956 (now in paperback).

Colin Cherry, On Human Communication. New York: Wiley and M.I.T., 1957 (now in paperback).

Susanne K. Langer, Philosophy in a New Key. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952 (now in paperback).

Benjamin Lee Whorf, Language, Thought, and Reality. New York: Wiley and M.I.T., 1956.


I. Bernard Cohen and F.G. Watson (Eds.), General Education in Science. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1952.

Alfred North Whitehead, The Aims of Education. New York: Macmillan, 1929 (now in paperback).

Want to keep up with breaking news? Subscribe to our email newsletter.