When Harvard began its search for a design for the Fogg Art Museum extension, it began the quest acutely conscious of the context in which the museum would sit.
If Harvard architecture is a mish-mash of styles, then finding the perfect architect for the Fogg extension was like finding the missing piece to a jigsaw puzzle.
It was not exactly that the building would have to fit into the hodgepodge of architectural styles that surrounds it. That was an issue that the architect would have to deal with.
It was a question of who had created that hodgepodge.
The committee choosing the museum had to deal with the ghosts of the renowned architects who had designed for Harvard--H.H. Richardson, Josep Lluis Sert, Charles Bulfinch, Walter Gropius, Le Corbusier, John Andrews, and the firm McKim, Mead and White.
Harvard is a gem in the eye of an architectural historian, and that could not be ignored by choosing just another architect. The Arthur M. Sackler Museum, as the Fogg extension came to be named, was to be a building to house art, yet it also had to sparkle as an architectural work of art.
"We were very conscious [of Harvard's tradition of choosing great pieces of architecture]," said Gleason Professor of Fine Arts Seymour Slive, who led the committee searching for the perfect Sackler. "We wanted to make a great work of architecture. We looked at the work of 70 architects, boiled it down to eight and chose the best one," he said.
"The feeling was that they wanted an important architect, and they searched for one in a much more detailed, way than any other group might have," said Peter C. Walsh, director of public relations for the Harvard University Art Museums. "It was a very sophisticated group of people in aesthetics and architecture."
The committee chose a James Stirling Sackler and drew a fire.
Since the exterior of the Sackler was revealed it has drawn the breath of architecture critics -- firey dislike and exuberent praise.
A critic sampler: "low budget...mediocre brick laying...vigorous...an answer to our dreams...aggressive...raw...full of creative virtuosity...ugly...worldly."
Perhaps, simply by drawing analysis and criticism the search committee achieved its goal. The Sackler was being studied; it was not just another building.
And Harvard is not just another college campus.
"Harvard architecture is very special in comparison to most university campuses," said Tufts University professor Margaret H. Floyd who just completed a collaborative work on Harvard architecture. "Harvard is not a formal environment, but rather is a wonderful blend of the old with the new."
So the Sackler would sit on a piece of land once occupied by what was an example of the mid-fifties International style, next to a beautiful adaptation of the International style into the brutalist Gund Hall, next to Memorial Hall - the epitome of Victorian Gothic; next to the Fogg Art Museum - a graceful Georgian revival. And in circles radiating out from the Sackler--Sever Hall and Austin Hall at the Law School designed by Richardson, the man who reshaped 19th century architecture; University Hall designed by Bulfinch the man who set the standards for early American architecture; Massachusetts Hall, one of the finest examples of early Georgian buildings in America; and the Graduate Center north of the Law School designed by Walter Gropius, the man who reshaped 20th century architecture.