Private First Class Calvin Glover snuck into Private First Class Barry Winchell's room with a baseball bat during the pre-dawn hours of July 5. Just a few hours after drunkenly celebrating the anniversary of our nation's independence, Glover bludgeoned Winchell to death solely on the basis of Winchell's suspected homosexuality. Although a jury found Glover guilty of premeditated murder, the greater implications of this case reflect the failure of the military's "don't ask, don't tell" policy towards homosexual service members.
President Clinton recently stated that the policy has not fulfilled its original intention to allow homosexuals to serve in the military without being harassed for their homosexuality. Although he blames the problem on implementation, its fundamental flaws caused the policy's failure.
The Army refuses to comment on how its own "don't ask, don't tell" policy could have led to this heinous crime. Witnesses at Glover's trial testified to the harassment Winchell encountered on a daily basis because of his suspected homosexuality. His platoon sergeant described him as "walking around down in the dumps." Perhaps Winchell would be alive and well today if the armed forces were not so vaguely opposed to openly homosexual servicepeople.
In response to Winchell's murder, the Department of Defense has announced stricter enforcement of the anti-harassment policy towards suspected gay service members as well as spot checks at major military bases to ensure that the policy is being implemented fairly. It also plans to phase in more tolerance and sensitivity training in boot camp. But this is too little, too late. The policy has already done a great deal of harm by driving out qualified servicepeople and discouraging other potential soldiers from enlisting.
When this policy was first formulated in 1993, the Pentagon and Joint Chiefs of Staff justified it by saying the combat readiness of heterosexuals would be undermined by the presence of homosexual servicepeople. However, this implies some fundamental difference in ability between soldiers of different sexual orientations. Numerous gay soldiers have served with distinction in the armed forces, even while saddled with the added burden of keeping their sexual orientation secret. But as soon as the soldiers' homosexuality was revealed they were quickly discarged and their medals and honors were trampled over.
The government's reasoning affirms the legitimacy of discrimination and hatred towards gay individuals. While it is understandable that some heterosexual servicepeople may feel uncomfortable serving with homosexuals, discomfort cannot be a basis for discrimination. Other servicepeople may feel uneasy about working with soldiers of a different race or religion, which could impact their ability to fight. Yet servicepeople are protected by both federal law and military regulations from discrimination based upon these differences. This confusing double standard about characteristics that do not impact an individual's ability to serve is one of the most obvious defects in the "don't ask, don't tell" policy.
The policy's ambiguity opens the door to misunderstanding and misinterpretation as well. It offers no way of dealing with the issue of an individual's sexual orientation once it surfaces. As in the Winchell case, the rumors about his sexual orientation started when he went to a gay club in Nashville with another member of his platoon. While later testimony confirmed Winchell's homosexuality, heterosexuals can, and have, attended gay clubs. His sergeant informally investigated the matter of Winchell's sexual orientation but only came up with suspicions and no concrete evidence. Yet he did nothing to protect Winchell from harassment by his peers. Such harassment is against Army regulations. The sergeant's confusion and cowardice is somewhat understandable in light of the vagueness of the Army's policy.
Although the "don't ask, don't tell" policy allows homosexuals to enter into the armed forces, their service is contingent on their ability to keep their sexual orientation under wraps. Their military success is directly dependent on their ability to be dishonest.
No Straight SolutionBy now, Vice President Al Gore '69 and former Sen. Bill Bradley have stopped niggling about just how to enable
Queer The Army NowThis past Tuesday, David B. Mixner, advertised as "the most powerful gay man in America," came to Harvard to eat
Panelists Rail Against U.S. Military Ban on GaysA panel of experts familiar with both gay issues and the U.S. armed forces last night condemned the military's policy
Getting Too Comfy in the DesertA MERICAN troops have been in Saudi Arabia for three months and they won't be coming home soon. As our
Military Buys DiscriminationMany researchers at Harvard Medical School and in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences depend on government grants to help
FIELD EDUCATION PLANNEDPlans for the establishment of a "field university" in Europe immediately after the actual fighting ceases have just been announced