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DEBATE OF MARCH 7, 1888.Question: "Resolved, That the Fisheries Treaty should be ratified by the Senate."
Best single references.- Jay; Isham; Elliot; Wharton.
Brief for the Affirmative.J. A. Bailey and E. L. Blossom.
I. The present fisheries dispute demands a settlement.- Dr. Snow in Forum for Dec., 1887; Lodge in North Am. Rev. for Jan., 1888.
II. This treaty is highly advantageous to the United States. (a) England has surrendered her claims in the headlands question: N. Y. Herald, Feb. 25, '88, p. 3; Feb. 26, '88, p. 9.- (b) Harsh treatment of our sailors by Canada will be prevented: N. Y. Herald, Feb. 22, '88, p. 3.- (c) The privileges of buying bait and transshipping fish may be secured at any time under this treaty: Art. 15 of Treaty.
III. The modus vivendi shows good will on the part of Canada and is advantageous to us.
IV. The opposition of the fishermen is selfish and unreasonable: Boston Herald, Feb. 25, '88, p. 4. The opposition of Republican senators is factious and partisan: N. Y. Evening Post, (semi-weekly,) Feb. 24, '88, p. 4.
Brief for the Negative.E. A. Harriman and C. Dev. Musaus.
I. No treaty is necessary. We have a right to the privileges we desire, and can secure them without a treaty: Lodge, N. A. Rev., Feb., 1888.
II. This treaty grants us nothing which we do not already rightfully possess: Wharton's Digest. S 304, 306; U. S. Foreign Relations, 1886, 341-346, 357-360, 374-377.
III. By it the U. S. gives up its rights and abandons its claims. (a) We have already refused more favorable offers.- (b) We yield in the head-lands controversy.- (c) Nothing is said of indemnity for outrages: Wharton's Digest, S 305, 305a; Boston Advertiser, Feb. 23, 1888; U. S. Foreign Relations, 1886, 415-420.
IV. The treaty will not prove a permanent settlement of the disputes because-(a) It does not go far enough in the direction of freedom of intercourse.- (b) It fails to satisfy the fishermen.- (c) Its interpretation and execution will cause friction between the two countries and renew the quarrel: Boston Journal, Feb. 22, 23, 24; Advertiser, Feb. 22, 23, 24.
See also Jay's Letter to Evarts, 6-16; Public Opinion, March 3, 1888; Elliott, The Northeastern Fisheries.
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