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In the summer of 1802 Napoleon Bonaparte spoke to his Council of State: "If the European states intend every to renew the war, the sooner it comes the better. Every day the remembrance of their defeats grows dimmer and at the same time the prestige of our victories pales . . . . France needs glorious deeds, and hence war. She must be the first among the states or she is lost. I shall put up with peace as long as our negihbors can maintain it, but I shall regard it as an advantage if they force me to take up my arms again before they are rusted . . . . In our position I shall look on each conclusion of peace as simply a short armistice, and I regard myself as destined during my term of office to fight almost without intermission."

Napoleon did. The Consul-for-life for the French Republic soon broke with England after the short-lived Peace of Amiens, he threatened to invade England, he declared war against Austria and won the battle of Austerlitz. Prussia declared war against him and lost the battle of Jena.

He became king of Italy, he organized the Confederation of the Rhine "in the dearest interestes of his people and of his neighbors, he created the grand duchy of Warsaw and the kingdom of Westphalia. In 1810 nearly all of continental Europe west of the borders of Austria (and some besides) was Napoleon's or dependent on Napoleon. He made his brother king of Spain, his favorite generel king of Naples. He divorced Josephine and married the Archduchess Maria Louisa, he made his baby son the King of Rome.

He was the Emperor Napoleon now, he quarrelled with Czar Alexander I, he undertook to reprimand that monarch. He won the battle of Borodino but lost three hundred eighty thousand men. In October 1813 he lost at Leipsic to a Russian-Prussian-Austrian coalition. His enemies marched into Paris, the Emperor left for Elba.

In March in 1815 the Emperor returned. He best the Prussians. He marched doggedly toward the English, encamped at Waterloo. There was a sound of revelry by night . . . . The English spurred to the field from their midnight frolic . . . . Napoleon left again. This time for Saint Helena. He never returned. He brooded over the past and wrote his "Memoirs". He died.

At ten o'clock today in Emerson A, Professor Wilbur Cortez Abbott, in History 42, the history of England from 1688 to the present day. "The Napoleonic Wars."

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