Twenty leading American educators, including President Conant and General Dwight D. Eisenhower, yesterday stated that Communist Party members "should not be employed as teachers."
The group's unanimous statement, which referred both to colleges and secondary schools, explained, "Such membership, in the opinion of the Educational Policies Commission, involves adherence to doctrines and discipline completely inconsistent with the principles of academic freedom on which American education depends.
Surrender of Intellectual Integrity
"Such membership, and the accompanying surrender of intellectual integrity, render an individual unfit to discharge the duties of a teacher in this country."
The Educational Policies Commission was appointed by the National Education association and the American Association of School Administrators. Its position on Communist teachers was part of a 54-page statement on "American Education and International Tensions," released yesterday in Washington.
In an interview for the CRIMSON last night, the University News Office reported:
"President Conant stated that he had concurred completely in the "Report on American Education and International Tensions," and urged that the report be read in its entirety.
"From his own point of view, he said, one of the most important features of the report was this passage:
Most Important Passage
"We condemn the careless, incorrect, and unjust use of such words as "Red" and "Communist" to attack teachers and other persons who in point of fact are not Communists, but who merely have views different from those of their accusers. The whole spirit of free American education will be subverted unless teachers are free to think for them selves."
"President conant further pointed out that this report dealt with judgments as to sound policy and did not attempt to discuss legal and precedural aspects of the appointment and possible dismissal of teachers in schools and colleges."
The Commission's report said further, "it is because member of the Communist Party are required to surrender this right the right to think for themselves as a consequence of be coming part of a movement characterized by conspiracy and calculated deceit, that they should be excluded from employment as teachers."
Effect on Harvard Unclear
It was not clear last night what effect if any. President Conant's participation in the report would have on Harvard policy.
However, the fact the statement did cover colleges, as well as secondary schools, was made clear yesterday by a spokesman for the NEA office in Washington. The spokesman said the policy would apply to all educational institutions.