The provision would have repealed a tax exemption on “qualified tuition reductions” given by a university to its employees and paid graduate students. Many had feared that this provision—depending on its interpretation—would cause Harvard’s tuition grants for graduate students to be counted as taxable income. A tax expert estimated that taxing Harvard’s tuition grants would quadruple graduate students’ federal income taxes from roughly $3000 to $12,000 per year—over one third of their $35,000 annual stipends.
Though the tuition reduction tax formed part of the bill passed by the U.S. House of Representatives earlier this month, it did not appear in the Senate’s later version of the tax bill. And lawmakers decided not to include it in the final tax plan, which they approved Wednesday.
Multiple graduate students said they were glad the tuition reduction tax does not appear in the final plan.
“It was a very exciting news as my girlfriend and I would have been seriously affected by the new tax,” Jae Hyeon Lee, a physics graduate student, wrote in an email. “The new tax would have reduced severely our disposable income and left us feeling financially distressed.”
Other students said they were angry at the lawmakers who proposed the additional taxes for graduate students.
“I want to know what person thought of this so that I can donate my paltry stipend to getting them out of office,” graduate student John Froberg, who studies molecular biology, said.
The decision not to include the tuition aid tax in the final law comes after weeks of opposition from university administrators around the country. In November, University Provost Alan M. Garber ’76 criticized the tax plan in an email to Harvard affiliates.
“The resulting tax burden would be grossly disproportionate to the stipends received by most students,” he wrote.
Graduate student groups, too, vehemently opposed the bill, organizing rallies and phone banks to ask legislators to vote against it.
Dakota “Cody” McCoy, a graduate student in the Organismic and Evolutionary Biology department and founder of the activist group GSAS Action Coalition, said the provision would have been “disastrous” for graduate students’ education.
“We hosted a big call-a-thon with the proposed graduate union, where we all just got together and just made calls, ate pizza, and told our representatives ‘look, this would be disastrous for our education,’” McCoy said.
Harvard Graduate Student Union-United Auto Workers, Harvard’s student unionization effort, also organized a series of call-a-thons and urged students to phone their representatives.
“Graduate students put up quite a fight across the country and a lot of that was focused on graduate student unions,” economics graduate student Justin Bloesch said.
Despite their relief, some students said they have mixed feelings about the bill’s passage. They said they worry about other provisions included in the legislation.
“One the one hand, it’s good because that means that graduate students don’t face a literally crippling tax increase, but on the other hand I think the rest of the bill is absolutely horrific for the country,” Froberg said.
The new tax plan, in particular, will levy a tax on Harvard’s endowment. Several students said they were concerned changes to the endowment might detrimentally impact graduate students more broadly.
“Anything which harms Harvard’s endowment negatively affects grad students,” Froberg said.
Bloesch noted the University is “rightly very concerned” about the endowment provision.
The endowment tax comes less than a year after unusually low returns on the endowment caused Harvard to increase graduate students’ stipends by an atypically small amount. While GSAS usually increases students’ stipends by around 3 percent, this year’s increase comprised 1.5 percent.
—Staff writer Caroline S. Engelmayer can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow her on Twitter @cengelmayer13.
—Staff writer William L. Wang can be reached at email@example.com. Follow him on Twitter @wlwang20.