Mr. Turner first spoke of the advantages which the Institute possessed in its situation at Hampton Roads near Old Point Comfort.
Gen. Armstrong had colored troops during the war and there received the inspiration which resulted in this mighty work to which he consecrated his life.
He appreciated the necessity of making the negro pay for his education and with this object in view work was provided so that every man going through the school should pay for everything but his tuition by his own labor.
The people whom the school reaches live in uninteresting surroundings, brought up in poverty and ignorance, and living. for the most part, in the one roomed cabin, which is the curse of the negro, as it is degrading in its influence on character and morals.
These people the school has refined and educated, made them to help others in like circumstances and willing to spread the learning which they have acquired. They receive instruction in missionary work, have medical and scientific schools, study agriculture, carpentry, printing and shoe making, and moreover learn the art of giving to others what they have received.
The Indian also has been admitted and has attracted so much attention that the United States government has granted a sum of money for the maintaining of 120 students a year.
The Indians as well as the colored students retain the influence of their training even when they return to their old surroundings, and many build comfortable homes for themselves in the midst of surrounding squalor and ignorance.