Important discoveries which are said to have supplied much of the hitherto obscure history of ancient Ethiopia have been made recently by the Eqyptian expedition sent by the University and the Boston Museum of Fine Ants under the direction of Dr. George Andrew Reisner '89. In a recent report Dr. Reisner said that during excavations at Gebel Barkal, material bearing on the whole period between 1600 B. C. and 100 A. D. had been found and that prospects were that further excavations would bring to light objects of still greater importance.
Among the more important finds have been ten large statues of kings of Ethiopia, five of which were complete. The expedition has also uncovered the foundations of temples built by Egyptian kings of the 18th dynasty, and proved that the sphinxes of Amenophis III and other monuments of that period found at Barkel belong to these temples, and were not brought there in later times, as some historians have assumed.
25 Pyramids Opened.
"Our expedition reached Gebel Barkal from Cairo on January 24 fast," says Dr. Reisner in his report. "We worked there three months, employing a force of about 300 local workmen, and left just in time to escape the hot weather. Fortunately at Gebel Barkal there were two completely ruined pyramids of small size. We found in the case of each a stairway on the eastern side leading down to the chambers under the pyramid. With this hint we attacked the larger pyramids, and within a month we had found the entrances of 25 pyramids and had cleared the burial chambers of all but one."
The expedition has been away since 1905 and the date of its return is still undecided.
Dr. Reisner is professor of Egyptology in the University and has been in charge of several excavations under the direction of the Egyptian government. He has also conducted two other expeditions sent by the University into Palestine and Samaria.