Returning the compliment paid President Franklin D. Roosevelt '04 in the Oxford Convocation ceremonies here in June, 1941, Harvard University presented the Right Honorable Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Great Britain, with the honorary degree of Doctor of Laws this noon. The degree was voted by the Corporation and the Board of Overseers in May, to be conferred at the first opportunity for Mr. Churchill to be in Cambridge.
A special academic meeting was called for the occasion in sanders Theatre, with all the pomp and ceremonial detail of a regular Commencement. After this, the Prime Minister addressed' the 6,000 uniformed Harvard students massed in review before Memorial Church, and a similar number of civilians who filled the Tercentenary Theatre to the doors of Widener.
In his formal address at the academic ceremony, the British Prime Minister made his strongest plea yet for continued Anglo-American cooperation, expressing the hope that the gift of a common language might "become the basis for common citizenship some day."
Describes Present Ties
"Whatever form the system of world security may take," he said, "nothing will work soundly or for long without the combined effort of the British and American people."
In another part of his address, the British leader warned against any American attempts at post-war isolation, saying that a nation cannot rise to a position of leadership in the civilized world without being involved in its quarrels.
Paying tribute to the work of the University in its conversion to the war effort, Churchill commented on the fact that "all classes and courses have been transformed" for war work with "even sacred vacation swept away" in the drive.
While discussing the importance of basic English as a factor in promoting post-war international unity, the Prime Minister noted that Harvard led the way in research on this subject, having done more than any other American institution.
Later, in his extemporaneous address to the assemblage in the Yard, Churchill emphasized that the war had not yet reached its climax, and told the trainees "I earnestly trust that when you find yourself alongside our soldiers and sailors in 1943 and 1944, you will feel that we are your working brothers in arms."
He also reiterated his previous statements that the British would continue fighting as long as there were any Axis forces anywhere on the earth.
Stresses Good Leadership
Speaking to a group consisting almost entirely of officers, the British leader stressed the importance of good leadership in battle, saying, "So much depends upon the officer. Not only does he animate, inspire, and direct, he must think and he must take care of the needs of all; all is entrusted to him."
After this address, the Prime Minister and members of the official party went to the Fogg Art Museum for a comparatively small luncheon given by the University before Mr. Churchill returned to the conferences begun at Quebec.
Churchill had barely arrived in Memorial Hall when the formal academic procession, led by Dr. Reginald Fitz '06. University Marshal, began to file into Sanders Theatre.