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The History of Harvard's Commencement, Explained
UPDATED: October 26, 2015, at 4:38 a.m.
Before a room filled with representatives from universities around the world, University President Drew G. Faust kicked off a conference about the future of research in higher education, highlighting the need to accommodate the current university landscape to the technological developments of the 21st century.
In the panel Thursday night, Faust spoke with Richard C. Levin, a former Yale president and current head of online education company Coursera, and David J. Skorton, a former Cornell president and recently-appointed secretary of the Smithsonian Institution. The three university leaders shared their perspectives on a range of issues, from constructing new campuses abroad to online education.
“The result here is all of you today, to help us think and to help all of you think about the new kinds of challenges that we encounter as we try to imagine physical campuses in a digital age,” Faust said in her opening remarks.
The officials from Harvard and elsewhere convened at the Radcliffe Institute for Advanced Study for a two-day program of events and conversations. The group enjoyed salmon, steak, and panna cotta between remarks from Faust and a panel discussion.
Levin, who led Yale for 20 years, recounted the decisions he made to grow a number of the school’s programs, specifically in the sciences and abroad. He cited several challenges of innovating in the design and construction process, saying universities need to think about projecting 30 to 50 years ahead and that that effort requires a central authority.
“At Yale, we had a decision maker,” Levin said. “I mean, I listened to everybody, but I signed it, and somebody has to do that.”
Multiple times, Levin questioned the utility of faculty committees, arguing they can be ineffective because they are subjected to the opinions of faculty members who may not think in the long-term. Instead, he said he tended to ask each committee member their individual opinions, rather than accept the vote of the group, strongly preferring “single unitary leadership” from the president.
“A great pitfall in universities is we delegate too much to committees,” Levin said.
As trends in education continue to move towards science, technology, engineering, and math, Skorton reminded the audience of elite educators that arts and humanities studies should not be forgotten. Citing Faust as a model humanities advocate, Skorton claimed that arts and humanities education is important for helping students develop analytical and critical thinking skills.
“Far better to create in students the capacities to confront the circumstances of life and with a combination of realism and resilience, and with habits of mind and skills of analysis that transcend the present,” Skorton said. “We should listen to Drew Faust.”
After the former presidents made opening presentations, they discussed their experiences with Faust and opened the floor to questions. From the audience, Michael D. Smith, dean of Harvard's Faculty of Arts and Sciences, asked about the benefits of having satellite campuses around the world—institutions that both Yale and Cornell have established, but that Harvard has chosen not to construct.
Both Levin and Skorton cited coordination and logistical challenges of having campuses across time zones and bodies of water. Skorton added that while he was in charge of Cornell, which operates satellite campuses in Doha and New York City in addition to its central location in Ithaca, N.Y., he “found it if not impossible, very hard, to have a senior vision that would work at all of these different four campuses.”
The speakers also discussed questions surrounding online education and the reality that some students may be able to go on to professional or master’s degrees without an on-campus undergraduate experience. Faust, though, noted the irony of the conference—a place where ideas are “live, not streamed.”
The evening’s proceedings drew a large crowd and were also recorded on video.
“I’m struck at how often that I find myself at gatherings where the question of whether online learning is going to take over the world is posed, when people have come from all over the place in order to be here face-to-face,” Faust said.
—Staff writer Mariel A. Klein can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Follow her on Twitter@mariel_klein.
This article has been revised to reflect the following correction:
CORRECTION: October 26, 2015
An earlier version of this article misattributed a quotation from David Skorton to Richard Levin. In fact, Skorton “found it if not impossible, very hard, to have a senior vision” while overseeing Cornell's campuses.
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