The four panelists, former Secretary of Defense and Kennedy School professor Ashton B. Carter, Government professor Latanya A. Sweeney, former head of the Civil Rights Division of the Justice Department Vanita Gupta, and co-founder of LinkedIn Reid G. Hoffman spoke before the packed John F. Kennedy Jr. Forum.
They shared both personal experiences of being public interest technologists and their ideas on how to best address the regulation of technology firms during the hour-long conversation.
Sweeney, who also served as the Chief Technologist at the Federal Trade Commission, began by recounting her “simple experiment” on a health dataset that had led her to testify in front of Congress and “ended up having worldwide impact.”
“Technology is the new policy-maker,” Sweeney said later, referring to the life-changing but arbitrary decisions imposed by technology companies.
She said technology companies’ fiduciary responsibilities to their stockholders may supersede their responsibility to the public.
Hoffman remarked that there are a lot of other factors in tech companies’ decisions in addition to their responsibilities to shareholders.
“The idea that the shareholder value is the only purpose of a corporation would be completely lost on corporate culture not only thirty years ago, but four hundred years ago,” Carter, the Director of the Belfer Center for Science and International Affairs, said, “It’s cracking.”
Sweeney responded that a company's stated social consciousness is not enough, pointing out the power of arbitrary decisions made by companies such as Google.
“It is in fact a technocracy,” Sweeney said to applause from the audience.
The panelists discussed potential reforms needed to address issues with technology by government, civil rights organizations, nonprofits, and tech companies themselves.
Following the event, audience reactions were largely positive.
“I thought it was really great. I thought it was too short, honestly. I wish it was two hours instead of one,” Aaron T. Altabet, a student at the Graduate School of Education, said.
Lucas Lagos, a technical fellow at InternetLab in Brazil and researcher at the University of São Paulo, appreciated the opportunity to personally witness such prominent panelists discuss the issue.
“They’re kind of role models for us. So to hear them, to be near them, it’s a great opportunity for us to get a little bit more energy like they’ve said to fight this fight that’s terribly hard,” he said.
Speaking after the event, Gupta emphasized the challenge of addressing public interest technology in the future.
“This isn’t an academic set of questions,” she said. “These questions are having real-life impact on people and on communities, and I think it’s incumbent on us to increase the level of conversation and dialogue about these, about the intersection of technology and the public interest.”
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