Littauer School Serves as Center for Social Sciences

Original Purpose of Training Administrators Modified By Experience

To most undergraduates the Littauer Center, the huge no classic building known popularly as the "while elephant" which stands at the intersection of Kirkland Street and Massachusetts Avenue, is an enigma and a mystery.

For Harvard's new School of Public Administration which is housed there offers the strange paradox of being a graduate school which charges no tuition, gives no degrees, and has only 15 students.

This mystery building has a distinguished heritage. On the spot where it stands, commanding the Cambridge Common, once stood the home of Oliver Wendell Holmes, and before that the headquarters of General Ward and the Committees of Public Safety of revolutionary days. And generations of Harvard men played basketball and squash and boxed in the gaunt Hemenway Gymnasium, razed two years ago to make room for the Littauer Center.

Widely Hailed

The future Littauer Center was hailed as a place "to train leaders, and through them, the people at large how to translate democratic ideas of administration into living realities." And the establishment of the new school was seen as fore-shadowing a day when "public office in the hands of broadly educated and highly expert public administrators would really become a public trust."


To translate these lofty aspirations into a practical program, in the winter and spring of 1937 an extended series of conferences was held between educators and government officials under the direction of President Harold W. Dodds of Princeton, an authority on municipal government, and California Institute of Technology's famed Professor William B. Munro. Their prospectus envisaged an enrollment in the Littauer School of from 40 to 70 students.

But today the enrollment of the School is only 15--the Littauer Fellows, college graduates with records of distinguished work in government behind them, who come here on full scholarships to do advanced work in Economics and Government. Like the Nieman Fellows in Journalism (except that they are required to participate in one seminar), the Littauer Fellows are free to take whatever graduate courses they want. They get no degree.

188 Attend Seminars

If these 15 men were the only ones to use the Littauer Center, they would rattle around like pea in a stone pod. Actually, there is a faculty of 17 men, and last year 188 students drawn from the Business School, Law School, and Graduate School of Arts and Sciences, attended seminars in the Center's luxurious conference rooms. And in addition the Center houses all men giving graduate, instruction in Economics and Government.

The fact is that the Littauer School does not exist to train men for specific government jobs. It does not provide training for the routine, run - of- the - mill, government services--the Public Health and Forestry services, for example--for which adequate instruction is already available.

Rather the Littauer School is today a center for research and study in the social sciences. Under the direction of Dean John H. Williams, an outstanding practical and theoretical authority on money and banking, the School has recognized the need to emphasize "professional standards and a realistic approach."

This realistic approach means the acceptance of the fact that law and economics remain the basic training for Government administration. It means that the Littauer School sees its main work in finishing and broadening the education of lawyers and economists.

"Mutual Learning"

The principal work of the Littauer School, then, is carried on in seminars and research projects. The seminars, participated in by graduate students, Faculty members, and government experts, are not intended to serve as a method of instruction, but as a process of mutual learning, approaching problems of government administration with the attitude of "We don't know what the answer is, but we will use every available device to find out."

The deliberations of these seminars, and the work done in related research projects, have not been totally unproductive. The progeny spawned in seminar rooms and nurtured in the statistical laboratory includes Professor Edward P. Herring's work on party politics, and the statistical study of the financial standing of all Massachusetts towns compiled by Professor Morris B. Lambie's seminar.

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